Journal Entry of Loss or profit on Sale of Asset in Accounting

Journal Entry of Loss or profit on Sale of Asset in Accounting

Journal Entry of Loss or profit on Sale of Asset in Accounting

 

Sometime business need to sale their Fixed assets .Before we go further, we have to understand that what are Fixed Assets .

Fixed Assets : Fixed assets are the long-term tangible assets that are used by business in generating income. Example Land and building ,plant and Machinery furniture and fixture.

When we sale these assets it effects our Balance sheet Asset side as these assets are going out of business and in exchange of that either we increase our bank accounts or Cash accounts or either purchase new assets. Under such condition we sometime make profit or either loss.

The disposal of assets involves eliminating assets from the accounting records.

When a fixed asset or plant asset is sold, there are several things that must take place:

 

  1. The fixed asset’s depreciation expense must be recorded up to the date of the sale
  2. The fixed asset’s cost and the updated accumulated depreciation must be removed
  3. The cash received must be recorded
  4. The difference between the amounts removed in 2. and the cash received in 3. is recorded as a gain or loss on the sale of the fixed assets

When Loss is made on sale of Fixed Assets

Journal entry for loss on sale of Asset

Lets under stand its with example .

Sold Machinery (fixed Assets) book Value Rs 100000 for Rs 90,000 .

Note here the asset which we have in books have value Rs 100000 but we sold it for Rs 90,000 therefore we make a loss of Rs 10000 here hence we have to show that loss in the books of accounts .

To make the journal entry of the same in the books

 

Profit and loss Accounts

10,000

Cash A/c

90,000

    To Machinery

       100000

Being Machinery sold

 

 

 

 

Profit and loss Accounts

Debited

Nominal Accounts- expense or loss by nature

Cash A/c

Debited

Real Account -What comes in

     Machinery

Credited

Real Account- What goes out out

 

 

Therefore, now this loss on sale of asset to be shown in the Profit and loss account and shown in the debit side

Particular                       Dr

Amount

Particular                 Cr

Amount

To loss on sale of Asset

10,000

 

 

 

Whereas in Balance Sheet In asset  side a cash account will increase and Fixed asset machinery a/c will decrease  .

When profit is made on sale of Fixed Assets

Sold Machinery (fixed Assets) book Value Rs 100000 for Rs 110,000 .

Note here the asset which we have in books have value Rs 100000 but we sold it for Rs 110,000 therefore we make a profit of Rs 10000 here hence we have to show that Profit in the books of accounts .

To make the journal entry of the same in the books

 

Cash A/c

110,000

To Profit and loss Accounts

          10,000

    To Machinery

       100000

Being Machinery sold

 

 

 

 

Profit and loss Accounts

credited

Nominal Accounts – profit or Income by nature

Cash A/c

Debited

Real Account- What comes in

     Machinery

Credited

Real Account -what goes out out

 

 

Therefore, now this loss on sale of asset to be shown in the Profit and loss account and shown in the credit side

Particular

Amount

Particular

Amount

 

 

To Profit on sale of Asset

10,000

 

Whereas in Balance Sheet In asset a cash account will increase and Fixed asset machinery will decrease  .

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